How to Register Objects in the RADB
This is a brief explanation of how to register in the RADB. It is intended as a sort of 'quick start' document, detailing only the minimum steps necessary to register. If you are not familiar with RPSL (Routing Policy Specification Language, used to express policy in the RADB), you may wish to refer to the REFERENCE section for background documents. This document provides templates for registering three types of objects in the RADB, as well as basic troubleshooting tips:
Step One - Maintainer object - Account identifier for database objects
Step Two - Route and Route6 objects - Specifies origin AS of IPv4/IPv6 prefixes
Step Three - Aut-num object - Routing policy for an AS
AS-SETs - AS-SET - Optional object for groups of AS's
Step One - Register a Maintainer
Maintainer objects specify the parties who are allowed to perform updates to the RADB, and how these parties are authenticated. When a route or aut-num object is submitted for registration, a Maintainer object must be registered and referenced in the route or aut-num object; otherwise the submission will be rejected. Thus, the first step to registering information in the RADB is to register a Maintainer object.
In order to register in the RADB, you'll first need to obtain an Autonomous System (AS) number. ARIN handles such assignments in North America. There are also regional registries for Latin America (LACNIC), Europe (RIPE), the Asia-Pacific region (APNIC) and Africa (Afrinic).
To register your maintainer object, please use the RADB registration form. An RADB administrator will then verify your AS contact information and, subject to approval, notify you of your successful registration. Once the RADB adminstrator has notified you that your maintainer object has been added, you can pay your invoice online. After the Maintainer object is created, modifications can be made via the RADB Web Portal interface.
Step Two - Register Routes
After registering a Maintainer, the next step is to register route objects for IPv4 routes, and route6 objects for IPv6 routes. Route6 objects are identical to route objects, but use the attribute name "route6:" instead of "route:". These objects may be created through the RADb Web Portal interface. Please refer to the examples below as a guide.
Route6 Object Example
**Attributes** **Comments** **route6: 2001:48A8::/32** Route in CIDR format **descr: Merit Network IPv6** Description or location of the network **origin: AS237** AS originating the route **mnt-by: MAINT-AS237** Which mntner objects can update this entry **changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20070808** Email address and date **source: RADB** Name of database containing the object
Route Object Example
**Attributes** **Comments** **route: 18.104.22.168/16** Route in CIDR format **descr: UONet University of Oregon Computing Center Eugene, OR 97403-1212 USA** Description or location of the network **origin: AS3582** AS originating the route **mnt-by: MAINT-AS3582** Which mntner objects can update this entry **changed: email@example.com 19960222** Email address and date **source: RADB** Name of database containing the object
Step Three - Register AS and Policy Information
After registering a Maintainer object and routes, the next step is to register an aut-num object, thereby specifying an AS's routing policy. A sample aut-num object is shown below for a simple stub AS multihomed to two providers (AS64444 and AS64488). (For a more detailed description of aut-num objects, see RFC 2650 or see the REFERENCE section below). To register AS policy, please proceed to the RADb Web Portal.
Note that the mnt-by field should contain the string you submitted in the mntner field of the Maintainer object.
**Attributes** **Comments** **aut-num: AS64323** AS Number **as-name: MAINESTATE** Short descriptive one word name for the AS **descr: Maine State University** Longer description of object **import: from AS64444 accept ANY** Import policy **import: from AS64488 accept ANY** Import Policy **export: to AS64444 announce AS64323** Export policy **export: to AS64488 announce AS64323** Export policy **admin-c: Fred Meyer** Administrative Contact **tech-c: Seth Taylor** Technical Contact **mnt-by: MAINT-AS64323** mntner responsible **changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20080328** Email and date of last change **source: RADB** Name of database containing the object
AS-SET objects are optional and may be registered through the RADb Web Portal. They are typically used by ISP's to list the AS's for which they provide transit. Please refer to the example below as a guide. See section 5.2 in RFC 2622 for more information.
**Attributes** **Comments** **as-set: AS-BIGISP-TRANSIT** Name of AS-SET Object **descr: Provides Transit to these ASes** Description of set **members: AS64423, AS64899, AS65000** AS's that are part of the AS-SET **mnt-by: MAINT-AS64488** mntner responsible **changed: email@example.com 20060316 ** Email and date of last change **source: RADB** Name of database containing the object
For More Information
If you have questions about using the RADB, please send email to the database team at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- The RPSL Reference Guide. lists all relevant RFC's.
- RFC 2622, Routing Policy Specification Language (RPSL) (June 1999) contains the definitive description of the language.
- RFC 2650, Using RPSL in Practice (August 1999) contains a detailed introduction to using the language in practice.
- RFC 4012, Routing Policy Specification Language next generation (RPSLng) (March 2005) documents RPSL updates to support IPv6 and Multicast.